Castelfranco Veneto is a town and a comune (municipality) of Veneto, located in Northern Italy, 30 km away from Treviso (province capital) and approximately 40 km from Venice (region capital). The origin of the name of Castelfranco Veneto is the “franco” castle, meaning “free from tax”, a right granted to its first defending inhabitants. The mighty city wall of red bricks was built on a pre–existing earthwork between the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century. The city wall and its towers are well–preserved. Castelfranco Veneto has been a commercial city since its emergence and is tightly woven into the history of the Veneto region. Being in a strategic position in the centre of the region, it is a compulsory stop between Venice, Germany and Flanders, and between Western and Eastern Europe.
The population is 33.369 inhabitants, and the municipality area covers a surface of 50,93 sq. km, with a density of 655,2 inhabitants per square kilometer. The main economic activities are manufacturing (mainly metalworking), trading, construction and tourism. In terms of agriculture, the situation of the surroundings of Castelfranco Veneto is that of an “inhabited countryside”, in which agriculture plays more of an environmental role and contributes to creating a characteristic landscape.
As in most medium–sized towns of Veneto region, Castelfranco Veneto is also characterized by a remarkable amount of both public an private urban green, among which the historic garden of Villa Revedin Bolasco stands out for its size and importance. The total surface of green areas (public and private) in the municipality is 3,6 million square meters, around 110 square meters per inhabitant, while the national average is around 32 square meters per inhabitant.